Sports Medicine


Normal Anatomy of the Shoulder Joint

How does the Shoulder joint work?

Rotator Cuff Tears

The rotator cuff is the group of tendons in the shoulder joint that provide support and enable a wide range of motion of the shoulder. Major injury to these tendons may result in tear of these tendons and the condition is called a rotator cuff tear.

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Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

Shoulder Impingement Syndrome is also known as swimmer’s shoulder, tennis shoulder, or rotator cuff tendonitis. It is a condition of inflammation of the tendons of the shoulder joint caused by motor vehicle accidents, trauma, and while playing sports such as tennis, baseball, swimming and weightlifting.

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Shoulder Arthroscopy

Shoulder arthroscopy is a surgical procedure in which an arthroscope is inserted into the shoulder joint. The benefits of arthroscopy are smaller incisions, faster healing, a more rapid recovery, and less scarring. Arthroscopic surgical procedures are often performed on an outpatient basis and the patient is able to return home on the same day.

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Frozen Shoulder

Frozen shoulder, also known as adhesive capsulitis, is a condition of the shoulder that is characterized by pain and inflammation of the shoulder joint that causes limited movement. It may progress to a point where an individual may have severely limited movement of the shoulder.

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Shoulder Joint Replacement

Shoulder joint replacements are usually performed on patients with an arthritic shoulder when all non-operative treatments to relieve pain have failed.

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Shoulder Instability

Shoulder instability is a chronic condition that causes frequent dislocations of the shoulder joint. A dislocation occurs when the end of the humerus (the ball portion) partially or completely dislocates from the glenoid (the socket portion) of the shoulder. A partial dislocation is referred as subluxation, whereas the complete separation is referred as dislocation.

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Click on the topics below to find out more from the Orthopaedic connection website of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons:

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